As accountants know, for every debit there is a credit. The IRS found out about this axiom and the loophole it created. The “debit” is the basis in property when acquired by a related taxpayer under the basis rules of section 362.

Effective June 24, 2011, they provide a new tax law on determining basis in U.S. property acquired by a CFC. The loophole was created by the limitation of earnings and profits (as you will recall from my great example in my book. This is known as the nonrecognition provisions which then allow section (or require) section 362(a) to apply.

This is one of the many tax laws written without Congress’s knowledge.

The new law requires that if a CFC acquires stock or obligations of a domestic issuing corporation under an exchange in which section 362(a) applies, then the CFC’s basis in the property will be no less than the fair market value of the property transferred by the CFC in exchange for that property.

The new law has a special related-person penalty that applies if the U.S. property is transferred to a related person in another nonrecognition transaction.

Lastly the law has a special rule when debt is assumed upon the acquisition of the property.

The regulation is below.

(1) * * * See § 1.956-1(e)(6) for a special rule for determining amounts attributable to United States property acquired as the result of certain nonrecognition transactions.

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(5) [Reserved]. For further guidance, see § 1.956-1T(e)(5).

(6) Adjusted basis of property acquired in certain nonrecognition transactions — (i) Scope. This paragraph (e)(6) provides rules for determining, solely for purposes of applying section 956, the adjusted basis of specified United States property acquired by a controlled foreign corporation pursuant to an exchange in which the controlled foreign corporation’s basis in such specified United States property is determined under section 362(a). This paragraph (e)(6) also applies if specified United States property, the adjusted basis in which has been determined under these regulations, is transferred (in one or more subsequent exchanges) to a related person (within the meaning of section 954(d)(3)), pursuant to one or more exchanges in which the related person’s adjusted basis in such property is determined, in whole or in part, by reference to the transferor controlled foreign corporation’s adjusted basis in such property.

(ii) Definition of specified United States property. For purposes of this paragraph(e)(6), specified United States property is stock of a domestic corporation described in section 956(c)(1)(B) or an obligation of a domestic corporation described in section 956(c)(1)(C) that is acquired by a controlled foreign corporation from the domestic issuing corporation. Specified United States property does not include property described in section 956(c)(2).

(iii) Adjusted basis of specified United States property. Solely for purposes of applying section 956, the adjusted basis of specified United States property acquired by a controlled foreign corporation in connection with an exchange to which this paragraph (e)(6) applies shall be no less than the fair market value of any property transferred by the controlled foreign corporation in exchange for such specified United States property. For purposes of this paragraph (e)(6), the term property has the meaning set forth in section 317(a), but also includes any liability that is assumed by the controlled foreign corporation in connection with the exchange notwithstanding the application of section 357(a). The assumption of a liability by the controlled foreign corporation in connection with the exchange will be considered the transfer of property. The fair market value of such property will be the amount of the liability assumed. The fair market value of any property transferred by the controlled foreign corporation in exchange for the specified United States property shall be determined at the time of the exchange.

(iv) Timing. For purposes of § 1.956-2(d)(1)(i)(a), a controlled foreign corporation that acquires specified United States property in an exchange to which this paragraph (e)(6) applies acquires an adjusted basis in such property at the time of the controlled foreign corporation’s exchange of property for such specified United States property.

(v) Transfers to related persons. If a controlled foreign corporation transfers specified United States property, the adjusted basis in which has been determined under this paragraph (e)(6), to a related person (within the meaning of section 954(d)(3)) (related person transferee) in one or more exchanges pursuant to which the related person transferee’s adjusted basis in such specified United States property is determined, in whole or in part, by reference to the controlled foreign corporation’s adjusted basis in such specified United States property, then, solely for purposes of applying section 956 following such exchange, the controlled foreign corporation’s adjusted basis in any United States property received in the exchange (or exchanges) shall be no less than the aggregate adjusted basis of the specified United States property as determined under paragraph (e)(6)(iii) of this section, and the related person transferee’s adjusted basis in such specified United States property shall be no less than the adjusted basis of such specified United States property in the hands of the controlled foreign corporation as determined under paragraph (e)(6)(iii) of this section. This paragraph (e)(6)(v) shall also apply in the case of one or more successive transfers of the specified United States property by a related person transferee to one or more persons related to the controlled foreign corporation (within the meaning of section 954(d)(3)). This paragraph (e)(6)(v) shall apply regardless of whether a subsequent transfer was part of a plan (or series of related transactions non prescription viagra) that includes the controlled foreign corporation’s acquisition of the specified United States property.

(vi) Examples. The rules of this paragraph (e)(6) are illustrated by the following examples:

Example 1. (i) Facts. USP, a domestic corporation, is the common parent of an affiliated group that joins in the filing of a consolidated return. USP owns 100 percent of the stock of US1 and US2, both domestic corporations and members of the USP consolidated group. US1 owns 100 percent of the stock of CFC, a controlled foreign corporation. US2 issues $100x of its stock to CFC in exchange for $10x of CFC stock and $90x cash. US2′s transfer of its stock to CFC is described in section 351, US2 recognizes no gain in the exchange under section 1032(a), and CFC’s basis in the US2 stock acquired in the exchange is determined under section 362(a).

(ii) Analysis. The US2 stock acquired by CFC in the exchange constitutes specified United States property under paragraph (e)(6)(ii) of this section because CFC acquires the US2 stock from US2, the issuing corporation. Therefore, because CFC’s adjusted basis in the US2 stock is determined under section 362(a), then for purposes of applying section 956, CFC’s adjusted basis in the US2 stock shall, under paragraph (e)(6)(iii) of this section, be no less than $90x, the fair market value of the property exchanged by CFC for the US2 stock (the $10x of CFC stock issued in the exchange does not constitute property for purposes of paragraph (e)(6)(iii) of this section). Pursuant to paragraph (e)(6)(iv) of this section, for purposes of § 1.956-2(d)(1)(i)(a) CFC shall be treated as acquiring its adjusted basis of no less than $90x in the US2 stock at the time of its transfer of property to US2 in exchange for the US2 stock. The result would be the same if, instead of CFC transferring $90x of cash to US2 in the exchange, CFC assumes a $90x liability of US2.

Example 2. (i) Facts. USP, a domestic corporation, owns 100 percent of the stock of USS, a domestic corporation. USP also owns 100 percent of the stock of CFC, a controlled foreign corporation. USP’s adjusted basis in its USS stock equals the fair market value of the USS stock, or $100x. USP transfers its USS stock to CFC in exchange for $100x of CFC stock. USP’s transfer of its USS stock to CFC is described in section 351, USP recognizes no gain in the exchange under section 351(a), and CFC’s adjusted basis in the USS stock acquired in the exchange, determined under section 362(a), equals $100x.

(ii) Analysis. The USS stock acquired by CFC in the exchange does not constitute specified United States property under paragraph (e)(6)(ii) of this section because CFC acquires the USS stock from USP. Therefore, CFC’s adjusted basis in the USS stock, for purposes of section 956, is not determined under this paragraph (e)(6). Instead, CFC’s adjusted basis in the USS stock is determined under the general rule of section 956(a) and under paragraphs (e)(1) through (4) of this section. As determined under section 362(a), CFC’s adjusted basis in the USS stock is $100x.

Example 3. (i) Facts. USP, a domestic corporation, owns 100 percent of the stock of CFC1, a controlled foreign corporation. CFC1 holds specified United States property (within the meaning of paragraph (e)(6)(ii) of this section) with an adjusted basis of $30x for purposes of applying section 956 that was determined under paragraph (e)(6)(iii) of this section. CFC1 owns 100 percent of the stock of CFC2, a controlled foreign corporation. CFC1 transfers the specified United States property to CFC2 in an exchange described in section 351. CFC2′s adjusted basis in the specified United States property is determined under section 362(a).

(ii) Analysis. In the section 351 exchange, CFC1 transferred specified United States property to CFC2 with an adjusted basis that was determined under paragraph (e)(6)(iii) of this section. Further, CFC2′s adjusted basis in the specified United States property is determined under section 362(a) by reference, in whole or in part, to CFC1′s adjusted basis in such property. Therefore, for purposes of applying section 956, pursuant to paragraph (e)(6)(v) of this section CFC2′s adjusted basis in the specified United States property shall be no less than $30x. Paragraph (e)(6)(v) of this section would also apply if CFC2 subsequently transfers the specified United States property to another person related to CFC1 (within the meaning of section 954(d)(3)) if such related person’s adjusted basis in the specified United States property is determined by reference, in whole or in part, to CFC2′s adjusted basis in such property. See also § 1.956-1T(b)(4) if one of the principal purposes of CFC1′s transfer of property to CFC2 was the avoidance of the application of section 956 with respect to CFC1.

(vii) Effective/applicability dates. This paragraph (e)(6) applies to property acquired in exchanges occurring on or after June 24, 2011. For transactions that occur prior to June 24, 2011, see § 1.956-1T(e)(6) as contained in 26 CFR Part 1 revised as of April 1, 2011.

Par. 3. Section 1.956-1T is amended by removing paragraph (e)(6) and revising paragraph (f) to read as follows:

§ 1.956-1T Shareholder’s pro rata share of a controlled foreign corporation’s increase in earnings invested in United States property (temporary).

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(f) Effective/applicability date. Paragraph (e)(5) of this section applies to investments made on or after June 14, 1988.

Steven T. Miller

Deputy Commissioner for Services and Enforcement.

Approved: June 11, 2011

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